The destination for history

A timeline of Anne Frank’s life


12 June 1929 Anneliese Marie Frank born in Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany, the second daughter of Otto Frank and Edith Holländer

30 January 1933 Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany

December 1933 The Frank family leave Germany and settle in Amsterdam

1935 Nuremberg race laws prohibit marriage and sexual relations between German Jews and ‘Aryans’

9 November 1938 — Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass). A wave of anti-Jewish violence throughout Germany, Austria and areas of the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia occupied by German troops

1 September 1939 — Germany invades Poland. Three days later Britain and France declare war on Germany

10 May 1940 — Germany invades Holland, Belgium and France. Four days later, Holland surrenders

20 January 1942 — Wannsee Conference to co-ordinate the ‘Final Solution’

6 July 1942 — The Frank family go into hiding

14 July 1942 — Dutch Jews start being deported to Auschwitz–Birkenau

6 June 1944 — D-Day. Allied forces land in Normandy

4 August 1944 — The inhabitants of the Secret Annexe are arrested and taken to Westerbork

3 September 1944 — The Franks are put on the last train to Auschwitz

October 1944 — Anne and Margot are transferred from Auschwitz–Birkenau to Bergen–Belsen

6 January 1945 — Edith dies in Auschwitz

February/March 1945 — Margot and Anne die in Bergen–Belsen sometime between February and March, just weeks before the camp is liberated by the British

1947 — Het Achterhuis is published

1955 — The play The Diary of Anne Frank by Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett opens in New York

1959 — The Hollywood film of The Diary of Anne Frank, produced and directed by George Stevens, appears throughout the United States

1960 — The Anne Frank House officially opens to the public

19 August 1980 — Otto Frank dies

1986 — The Diary of Anne Frank: The Critical Edition is published in Dutch by the Netherlands State Institute for War Documentation. It is translated into English in 1989

By Zoë Waxman


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