Working in what were often shocking conditions and with little or no medical equipment, volunteer nurses from all walks of life had to tend to the injured, assist with amputations and sit with the dying in their final hours. At main battles such as the Somme, where there were literally thousands of casualties, nurses often had to enter the arena of war to rescue injured soldiers and get them to a field hospital. Makeshift ambulances were driven by women into impossible terrain, and lifesaving procedures were often carried out in appalling conditions. But it was not just in the field hospitals where women were involved.
Some women wanted to be able to actually fight for their country, and there were several cases of female soldiers who enlisted disguised as men in order to get to the front line. But most women were left at home to keep the country operating while the men were away at war. Due to the huge numbers of enlisted men, more and more vital roles were put on to women, including on the railways, as police officers, factory workers and munitions operatives. In the upper classes, women also supported the war effort by knitting uniforms, raising money for charities such as the newly formed Red Cross and writing to soldiers in the trenches. The new-found freedom for many women was symbolic of a change that was occurring in wider society: the suffragette movement was building and by 1914, although interrupted by the war, had become a huge force for change in Great Britain. Women’s lives were about to change forever.