The Battle of Bosworth was a defining moment in English history, as the Houses of Lancaster and York clashed in the penultimate battle of the Wars of the Roses. The death of the Yorkist King Richard III and the crowning of the Lancastrian Henry Tudor as King of England marked the end of the Plantagenet dynasty and the beginning of the Tudor reign.
The Battle of Bosworth (or Redemoor) was fought on 22 August 1485 and was the penultimate battle of the Wars of the Roses, a series of dynastic civil wars fought for the throne of England. It is often regarded as the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the renaissance, although in reality the change was much more gradual. Nevertheless, it does mark the beginning of the reign of the Tudors, with Henry VII taking the throne at the end of this fateful day after Richard III became the first English king to be slain on the battlefield since Richard I in 1199.
“She was the ship of my choice and as I thought the fittest for the service she was going upon of any I had ever seen.”Captain James Cook, speaking about HMS Resolution